Regional trade agreement dispute settlement

This page collects information on disputes brought under regional trade agreements (RTAs). It follows up on the chapter on dispute settlement in regional trade agreements for the World Bank-published Trade Agreement Policies for Development: A Handbook (Jean-Pierre Chauffour & Jean-Christophe Maur, eds., World Bank 2011). A downloadable PDF of the chapter is available here

See also a May 2018 think piece by me on Designing Common but Differentiated Rules for Regional Trade Disputes, done for ICTSD and the RTA Exchange Project on Global Economic Governance.

The pages linked to below list major RTA dispute settlement fora, and known RTA disputes, with links to the panel decisions and information on outcomes when available.  The coverage of this section is best for the Western Hemisphere. The coverage of African regional trade courts and disputes is missing and will be upgraded soon: for information on African RTA dispute settlement I recommend James Thuo Gathii's African Regional Trade Agreements as Legal Regimes (Cambridge, 2013). 

If you have any corrections or additions, please email me at info (at) or send me a comment via the Contact page on this website. 

Last edited:  29 April 2019. 

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LATIN AMERICA  (DR-CAFTA, Peru-US TPA, Mexico-Triángulo del Norte FTA, Andean Community, Mercosur, ALADI Economic Complementation Agreements)

EUROPE/MIDEAST/AFRICA (EU, EU RTAs, EFTA, Israel-US FTA, African Regional Trade Courts)